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Every expectant mother tries to keep up with the changes in her body for 9 months. In some cases, these changes may compromise the health of both the mother and the baby. Est Gestational Diabetes Mellitus ”, which may occur during pregnancy, although it does not present any symptoms before, is one of the conditions that may cast a shadow on the baby excitement of the mothers. Memorial Antalya Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Department Op. Dr. View Pınar's Full Profile gave information about diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy.
Diagnosis is made in 6th and 7th months of pregnancy
Diabetes is one of the most common diseases during pregnancy. This disease occurs in the 6th or 7th months of pregnancy in people who are susceptible to diabetes with the effect of increasing pregnancy hormones during pregnancy. Diagnosis is made by routine sugar screening and diagnostic tests performed at 6th and 7th months. However, tests should be performed earlier in cases such as obesity in the pregnant woman, diabetes in first degree relatives, having a large baby in previous pregnancies and a history of diabetes in previous pregnancies.
Abortion, stillbirth, preterm birth rates increase
High blood sugar levels in the mother can cause many problems for the mother and the baby. Hypertensive diseases, urinary system and vaginal infections, miscarriage, stillbirth and preterm birth rates increase during pregnancy due to diabetes. In the baby, large and related birth trauma, amniotic fluid excess, insufficiency of development, low blood sugar in the first days after birth, low blood calcium, jaundice, respiratory problems may occur due to insufficiency of lung development. The risk of congenital anomalies in the baby increases by 3-5 times compared to normal pregnancies and this rate reaches 6-10% in cases where diabetes occurs before pregnancy or when pregnancy occurs while the blood sugar levels are high. In addition, babies whose mothers have diabetes during pregnancy have risks of obesity and diabetes at an early age.
Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent damage
After birth, blood glucose levels usually return to normal and the diabetes picture improves. However, the recurrence rate of diabetes during pregnancy in the mother's next pregnancy is 60-90%. Also; 30% of the women diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy have diabetes for 7-10 years after birth. Breastfeeding after birth, proper diet, exercise and weight loss reduce the risk of re-developing diabetes in the postnatal period. With early diagnosis and treatment, the damages that may be caused by diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy can be prevented. Although the condition improves spontaneously after birth, the risks that await the patient should be discussed, precautions should be taken and an appropriate personal plan should be prepared.