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Strabismus is one of the most common eye problems in childhood. Ophthalmologist from Anadolu Medical Center Burcu Usta Uslu, children with eye strabismus and treatment methods are shared with you.
: What is strabismus? How does it occur?
Dr. Burcu Usta Uslu: Strabismus is the condition that the eyes are not parallel to each other. Strabismus can be continuous or intermittent. Healthy vision development can only occur in childhood if both eyes are parallel. Since the brain of the children has the ability to adapt to different situations very quickly, the brain ignores the image of the sliding eye in order to eliminate double vision in the event of a shift in one eye. As a result, amblyopia occurs in the floating eye. This condition is present in different sizes in the majority of children with strabismus.
: What causes strabismus in children?
Dr. Burcu Usta Uslu: In children, strabismus may be congenital or later. (It may be structural, may develop due to refractive errors, may develop due to neurological problems, may occur as a result of traumas.)
: What are the symptoms?
Dr. Burcu Usta Uslu: The most important symptoms are that the eyes do not look parallel, the family feels one eye or two eyes shifting from time to time;
: What are the treatment methods?
Dr. Burcu Usta Uslu: As a first step in the treatment of strabismus, glasses are given to correct any existing refractive error. In some cases, the glasses correct the entire slippage, and sometimes the partial correction. In patients whose slipping with glasses do not improve completely, the eyes are made parallel to each other by surgical intervention on the muscles that move the eye. Timing for surgical method is made by considering many factors such as type and amount of strabismus, age of onset of strabismus, presence of risk of laziness in the eye.
: What will be the consequences if left untreated?
Dr. Burcu Usta Uslu: If left untreated, one of the eyes has a high risk of low vision (laziness).
: What are the best ages for treatment? Can it be treated in advanced age?
Dr. Burcu Usta Uslu: The optimal age for treatment is influenced by a number of factors, such as the amount of strabismus type-age of onset-whether or not corrected by eyeglasses. It may be necessary to make a quick decision with the family to avoid losing the sense of depth before the development of the child's visual pathways has been completed without any time for congenital and childhood diagnosis and surgery. Strabismus can also be treated in advanced age.