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What are children's fears? How do they deal with these fears? The only way to find the answers to these questions is to listen to the children. Although many parents and educators know that children have various fears, they are not as knowledgeable about these fears as they are, so they do not give the necessary importance to the issue. However, not paying attention to the issue (especially for young children) means jeopardizing children's mental health, remember!
It is natural that children have fears. However, it should be borne in mind that the constant and intense feeling of these fears damages development. Therefore, it is very important to identify the causes of these fears as soon as possible and take the necessary precautions.
Research on the subject revealed that the vast majority of children are not afraid of real threats (earthquakes, floods, fires…) (except trauma), but of extraordinary beings (monsters, ghosts…). Experts attribute the most important reason for such fears to children's developed imagination and point out that the situation is normal. However, there are children who are heavily influenced by these fears, and they have the problem of not being able to distinguish between the real world and the dream world. It is an important task for families and educators to help children overcome their fears, to be aware of this danger and to take the necessary action when necessary.
Factors Affecting Fear:
Many investigations have revealed that the child's temperament and sense of freedom are effective in overcoming his fears. Therefore, it is necessary to consider these two factors when questioning children's fears and helping them cope with them. We can briefly explain these factors:
The temperament of the child is very important: The temperament of the child has a great role in coping with his own fears. According to a study by Mary Ainsworth in 1973, three different temperament types can be observed in children. According to these temperament types, children are called “difficult children”, “easy children”, yavaş slow children in harmony ”. If your child is in the category of what we call a difficult child, he or she may find it difficult to cope with their fears and may need the help of an expert. If your child falls into the category we call “easy child acak, he will be more comfortable in dealing with his own fears and will reach a positive result in a short time.
A sense of freedom is necessary: The sense of freedom is as important to us as it is to our children. Children learn the world at an early age with the help of their own experiences, so the more freedom we give them (a freedom freed from dangers) at this age, the more opportunity we will discover. These discoveries will give them various information about the world and with their help they will have realistic information about what is right and what is wrong. Thus, they will be able to realize that the horror elements they have constructed in their minds are not real, and will be able to distinguish between the real world and the dream world.
What should you do?
Try to understand his fears and show that you are with him.
Try to find the causes of his fears, and if your child's fears are found in many people (darkness, height, being alone yalnız), tell them that they are normal and give him the feeling that he can overcome them.
Read books about your children's fears and feelings of other people.
Help him to overcome his fears and help him overcome these fears with the help of creative and fun activities.
Some of your children's fears may be television-based, so pay attention to their programs and their duration.
What to doYou made?
Do not expect fears to disappear very quickly. This process can take quite a long time, but the result is important for you; it is not the fears that disappear in a short time, but the fears that are completely lost.
Never embarrass your children for their fears. In such a situation, children will feel guilty and cannot overcome their fears.
Do not force your children to overcome their fears.
Do not give children the feeling that you will love them more if they overcome their fears.
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