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How should Montessori Education be?
The purpose of education is to achieve the desired and positive behavior change in the individual; is a process that begins with birth and continues until death. Parents, the most important occupation since the day their babies are born is that their babies receive a good education. One of the notions that parents who have been researching for the education of their babies is very often heard recently. montessori training Method. But what is the purpose, method and applicability of this educational method that is increasing in popularity every day?
What is Montessori Education Method?
Italian pedagogue and anthropologist Maria Montessori developed in the early 1900s. Maria Montessori, who first worked with children with learning disabilities, opened her own school in 1907. In this school, working with children at normal development level; learning, not the method, the child's personality should be brought to the fore.
Recognized and applied worldwide for nearly 100 years montessori is a child-centered educational approach. Montessori training Each child on the basis of the method is special; each child should be prepared in accordance with his / her own characteristics and developmental speed, to be active, to manage the process and to have an independent learning environment. This environment should be able to offer activities and natural experiences in which the individual can develop his / her potential, produce creative ideas, make discoveries.
What principles do Montessori education adopt?
Emphasis on children's emotions and spirit montessori trainingacts in accordance with some basic principles when taking the child to the center. These principles are the sine qua non of an education in which children can freely discover, compensate for their own mistakes, establish their social relations in line with their own wishes and make free choices.
- Respect for the Child's Personality and Choices
In this education, which is based on the principle that each child is different, the basic principle is to respect the personality, developmental characteristics, aspirations and learning style of the child. Creating environments where the child can express himself and make free choices is the most important indicator of respect for the child.
Montessori does not say to the child, “We will draw a flower-themed picture with watercolors.. The child paints if he wishes and chooses the subject, the environment in which he will work and the paint he will use. Children growing up with this method are independent. Independent individuals respect both themselves and other people.
- Considers Critical Periods in Child Development
In children, certain characteristics come to the fore in certain age ranges. During these periods in which certain characteristics developed and related behavior was learned best The critical period is called. The Montessori approach promotes positive behavioral change by supporting the child's critical period of intense activities in which he / she is most eager to develop. For example, 1-3 years is the critical period for speech. Montessori therefore offers intensive, uninterrupted and disciplined activities to support language development for children of this age range. During these activities, the child follows his own development naturally and proceeds in a natural process.
- Supporting the Education of Different Age Groups Together
The Montessori method argues that different age groups should be trained together. Because in the mixed age group; younger children learn by imitating older children, while older children develop leadership roles with younger children. Mixed age groups; Children between 0-3, 3-6, 6-9, 9-12 and 12-15 years are prepared together. Thus, the negativity that may result from the difference in age is prevented.
- The First 6 Years Matter
Montessori admits that the foundations of the individual's character were laid within the first 6 years of age. The first six years of solid foundation of the individual, in the following years that solid, self-confident and self-built character can build.
Babies in the first three years of this periodlearn cognitive concepts such as numbers and colors, speech and emotions through their lives through their lives. But from three to 6 years Learning takes place more actively. The child develops a multifaceted development by researching not only what the environment offers, but also his own intelligence and consciousness.
- Well Prepared Environmental Conditions
The best learning environment for the monessor; It is prepared by creating areas where children can move freely, freely choose, research and learn with the activities they wish and by choosing the right materials. Students can find both collaborative and individual learning in this area. The child can carry out activities freely, whether at the table, on the ground or in the garden.
- Montessori Materials
The materials provide the opportunity for students to explore the world by stimulating their senses. The most important feature of these materials is that it allows the student to realize and control his / her own mistake. That is, when a student makes a mistake in his / her individual activity, he / she discovers the correct information through his / her own experience by finding out where he / she made a mistake without having to say meni you did wrong öğret by the teacher or someone else.
- Course of Study
Curriculum in classical education; it is a method in which the same program is applied to everyone regardless of their individual differences, interests and abilities. Montessori program if; In a process, the child is prepared according to the individual characteristics and learning speed. The program assigns the student to the center by giving guidance to the teacher.
- Role of the teacher
Montessori education puts the student in the center and gives the teacher important responsibilities. In this approach-oriented education, the teacher should be a good guide. The teacher prepares a separate daily plan for each lesson for each child. The plan also includes changes in the child's daily psychological state, health conditions and behavior. While this plan is being implemented, the teacher does not give instructions and does not detect its existence; however, the student knows that he / she can get help from his / her teacher when needed. One of the cornerstones of the relationship between teachers and students is their mutual respect for each other.
Implemented in more pre-school age 0-6 corresponding period in Turkey montessori trainingnow applies to children of primary school education and training. Montessori, which is much more common in the world, has been successfully applied in high school and university and even in later periods.