The Importance of Folic Acid in Pregnancy

The Importance of Folic Acid in Pregnancy

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Folic Acid in Pregnancy and Benefits

It is a B group and water soluble vitamin. Cell building blocks, blood cells and in particular the formation and development of nervous system tissues.

Folic acid, DNA and RNA plays an important role in the construction of new cells. Hemoglobin (iron-rich protein contained in red blood cells) for the formation of Vitamin B12 Works with.

Folic acid:

  • The development of the fetus
  • Development of nervous system
  • Brain and spinal cord
  • Prevention of birth defects

is of great importance.

Does Folic Acid Help Pregnancy?

Folic acid before pregnancy Progesterone level therefore increases fertility.

Some body during pregnancy nutritional values especially needs. This situation varies according to the needs of the growing and developing baby and pregnancy.

Protein synthesis in the body, cell proliferation and the function of bone marrow It helps in cases such as complete fulfillment. This group of vitamins is not stored in the body and therefore should be taken every day.

What does folic acid do? You can watch our video.

What Causes Folic Acid Deficiency in Pregnancy?

  • Inadequate folic acid during pregnancy and disruption of cell division due to its role in DNA synthesis. Rapidly proliferating cells, especially intestinal mucosa, liver and bone marrow Inadequacy of such tissues manifests itself immediately.
  • Inadequate growth retardation and anemia are seen. Anemia in folic acid deficiency Number of white and red blood cells It decreases.
  • Some of the blood cells pass into the circulation before they mature. The work of the bone marrow is accelerated. This macrocytic or megaloblastic anemia It called. This type of anemia is common in pregnant women and children.
  • Folic acid deficiency pellegra to similar skin wounds may also be seen.
  • Folic acid deficiency tongue flushes and pain. Mild deficiencies can cause depression. In severe deficiencies, nerves are damaged and serious psychological problems may occur.
  • In babies of pregnant women who are undernourished with folic acid, folic acid levels in serum and erythrocytes are decreased, nerve tube disorder “neural tube defect (NTD) ” visible. Baby on spinal cord sipina bifida is born with the problem. Folic acid supplementation of the expectant mother reduces the risk.

Neural Tube Defect (NTD)

Nervous system is one of the first systems developing in the body. It starts its formation as a tiny disc of special cells in the embryo. Approximately twenty-six days after conception, this round disc begins to fold by itself and closes by boiling, forming a cylinder called a neural tube that will later form the brain and spinal cord. If the neural tube does not close properlybirth defects even more fatal might even.

Neural tube folic acid supplementation is required for complete closure. The neural tube closes before many women find out that they are pregnant. folic acid supplement It is very important to start taking.

Start Taking Folic Acid Before Pregnancy

Nutrition Guide for Americans (2005) She recommends that all women of childbearing age receive folic acid supplements every day and consume foods rich in folic acid.

Folic acidexpectant mothers should start consuming before becoming pregnant vitamins that is. Use of folic acid in the baby's cell and development of the nervous system is an important step.

Fetal growth and developmentis a period characterized by rapid cell division. For this reason, with its critical role in DNA and RNA production, the use of sufficient folic acid during this period is extremely important. According to many years of research, sufficient amounts during pregnancy folic acid Use in infant anomalies of the central nervous system that is, it significantly reduces the likelihood of disability.

How Many Months Is Folic Acid Used During Pregnancy?

(How to Use Folic Acid?)

When pregnancy is planned, that is, daily starting from at least 3 months before pregnancy until the end of the 3rd month of pregnancy. 400 micrograms of folic acid is recommended.

Breastfeeding is recommended in addition to 400 micrograms in addition to 100 micrograms.

NOTE! Each individual's pregnancy is different. These are the general definitions mentioned above. Therefore, to start folic acid supplementation consult a doctor who follows your development process 🙂

Nutrition Before Pregnancy

Pregnancy period and before folic acid We talked about the importance. With these supplements, it is very important to take a step towards healthy eating.

Nowadays it's hard to get pregnant. One of the common reasons for this misuse habits and therefore taken overweight.

If you have a pregnancy plan and you have excess weight, eating habits need to edit. In addition to weight, body fat ratio and regional fatigue have a great deal to do with pregnancy.

In the researches, It was found that the fertility of individuals with a waist-hip ratio of 0.85 was higher.

Nutrition Advice

  • day 2.5-3 liters you should try to drink water.
  • Your diet 3 main meals, 2-3 snacks plan.
  • Three days a week 40-45 minutes walk you can start
  • You should avoid empty energy sources.
  • Seasonal fresh vegetables and fruits you should take care to consume.
  • The most important fuel for the bodycarbohydrates. It's wrong to cut carbohydrates completely. Instead of white flour, white bread, you should prefer whole grain products.

What are Folic Acid Containing Foods?

  • Liver, other organ meats
  • Spinach
  • Dry beans
  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Avocado
  • Purslane
  • Banana
  • Broccoli
  • Asparagus
  • Egg yolk
Attention to Vitamin Losses !!

Cooking folic acid value of nutrients may decrease. The loss rate depends on the cooking method. Folic acid loss in meat cooked by roasting method is low and it is higher in cooking in watery heat. With dripping water on the grill, folic acid is lost. The most lost is the vegetables that are cooked in plenty of water. draining (90-95%). In this method, the rate of folic acid use decreases further since vitamin C in vegetables is also lost.

My suggestion is to cook in a short time and with little water, not to throw away the water or steaming. Thus, vitamin and mineral losses can be prevented.

When he wakes up:

  • 1 glass of water


  • Vegetable omelette made with 1 boiled egg or 1 teaspoon of oil
  • 2 slices of feta cheese
  • 2 whole walnuts or 6 olives
  • 2 slices of whole grain bread


  • 1 serving of fruit
  • 1 glass of buttermilk


  • 1 bowl of soup
  • Chicken meat / meatball or fish up to 4-6 meatballs (grilled or baked)
  • Salad with plenty of greens
  • 1 bowl of yogurt or 1 bowl of tzatziki
  • 2 slices of whole grain bread or 4-5 spoons of bulgur pilaf


  • 3-4 grissini
  • 1 cup buttermilk


  • 1 bowl of soup
  • 8 tablespoons vegetable dish
  • 1 bowl of yogurt / 1.5 cups of buttermilk / 1 bowl of tzatziki
  • Salad with plenty of greens
  • 2 thin slices of whole grain bread


  • 1 serving of fruit
  • 1 bowl of yogurt

Note: This list is general. The diet is personal, can be reduced or increased according to personal differences. You should also consult a nutritionist to create your own plan.

Don't forget to leave your questions as comments. I also answer all the questions you may have on our question and answer page.

Our nutritional articles during month to month may help you in more detail during this period.


Nutritionist Beyza Uyan


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