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The birth of the Ottoman Empire in accordance with the majesty of the palace and the sultan's weeks, months, a festive atmosphere lasted a lot of fun. It is possible to see this excitement and long-lasting sweet endeavor when we examine not only the palace men but also the whole population's view of the birth event. Midwives in the country can be divided into three according to the section they serve.
Saray-ı Hümayun midwife (Saraylı ladies), Kibar midwife (Konaklı ladies) and Ahad-ı Nas midwife (from folk to ladies).
If the midwife was chosen by the palace, the midwife would be sent a plain dress as a sign of her choice. The midwife visits the mansion at certain times, determines the estimated date of birth, comes to the mansion on a monday close to the birth. ready. In addition, the perforated blue beads (with seven holes in the head), a small thuja, screed and twentieth amulet, which was prepared by wrapping a red tulle. He wrapped a piece of bread and a piece of sugar on a green wall and hung on the Qibla side of the room to be given birth. When the birth started, the midwife sent the birth chair to one bag and another to the mansion with the helpers, and took out her mother-of-pearl inlaid wand. Zaptiyeler recognize this wand, lighting the roads with lanterns at night and bring the midwife to the mansion quickly and confidently. When the birth approached, the pregnant was seated on a chair, and a cap was taken after she was left in the mausoleum of a blessed yacht (Eyüp Sultan, Baba Cafer, Zuhurat Baba etc.) planted by the midwife herself. The midwife would put two pieces of roof tiles brought by him and believed to be auspicious, under the feet of the pregnant person and press them firmly. The midwife sitting in front of the pregnant person would put a white loincloth and four layers of soft gauze on her knees, and the born child's umbilical cord would be cut into four fingers and the baby would be wrapped in the gauze and named the belly. After the placenta comes out, the legs of the postpartum are laid by crossing, which is called ary karyekleme.. If the baby was born asphyxiated, the cord would not be cut, the placenta was expected to come out, and the placenta, which was still attached to the baby, was placed on a barbecue fever.Thus, it was believed that the life in the placenta would pass to the baby.
After birth, the maternity was laid on a bed of sweat, tightly covered and sweaty. The baby was washed with warm water and soap, salted between the neck, ears, mouth, armpits and legs, lined with cord, almond oil and wrapped in a gauze. The baby, who was dressed in a shirt read by a virgin girl, sewed from Indian gauze, was swaddled, and an amulet was placed between the stockpile to protect it from the transfer. After salting, the baby was wrapped in a tablecloth to be cushioned. If the previous children of the pregnant woman had not lived, the baby would be dressed in a shirt made of cloths collected from forty houses with children and believed that the baby would survive. The placenta was disintegrated by the baby, placed in a pot of earth, buried in a suitable place in the garden. It was also believed that there was a relationship between where the placenta was buried and what the baby would do in the future. For example ; like the belief that if the mosque is buried in the courtyard of the mosque, if the mosque is buried in the courtyard of the madrasah, it will be a teacher (teacher)…
The clothes of the sweaty maternity were changed, her belly was tightly wrapped by two persons with a long cloth, a virgin girl washes the breasts of the maternity and drove to a half-cold. This onion bottle was passed, a head of garlic and a blue bead was wrapped in a cheesecloth and hung on the wall from the foot of the postpartum. On the bedside, a Koran would be made; The midwife would open the Qur'an, touch the Qur'an and then touch the baby's lip and read the call to prayer three times and suckle the baby. When Mekonium came out, they were wrapped in a cheesecloth and placed under the cradle so that the “witch of the witch ver would not harm the child, and the good news was given to the father and other elders, and they would see the baby and pray no. Midwives were given appropriate tips and gifts. The baby's name was given three days after the birth. Grandpa, or the father holds the baby,
He used to thank Allah and read Salat, then read the call to prayer in the baby's right ear, repeat the name three times, and bring three words of testimony, bring the word to the left ear, repeat the same process and put a precious gem into the maternity. Three days after the name, the midwife came, bathed the baby before noon, and went to bed. On the next day, on the 7th day, he would lift the sweat bed of the maternity by shoveling it from the shoestring, first throwing the right foot and laying the maternity on another decorated bed. The child was again washed, and the cumin in a small cheesecloth bag was tied in place of the fallen belly, which was replaced every day for seven days.