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Pregnant mothers during pregnancy are concerned about some issues. They have a lot of questions. most frequently asked questions of mothers Mesa Hospital Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Assoc. Dr. Find a different Rahime TuncerWe directed to.
: What are the drawbacks of smoking during pregnancy?
Assoc. Dr. Rahime Tuncer: Smoking should be prevented during pregnancy. Smoking has many health risks for both mother and baby. Failure of the baby to develop in the womb may cause negative consequences such as low birth weight, premature birth, pregnancy resulting in miscarriage, stillbirth.
: Are there some drawbacks in terms of domestic animal feeders?
Assoc. Dr. Rahime Tuncer: Under the supervision of veterinarians, regular check-ups and vaccinations are not a problem for pregnant women. However, there are diseases such as toxoplasmosis that can be transmitted from animals to humans and which, if left untreated, may cause problems for the baby during pregnancy.
: Should caffeine intake be discontinued? Why is that?
Assoc. Dr. Rahime Tuncer: Coffee, tea and cola drinks contain caffeine. The mutagenic and carcinogenic effects of caffeine have been investigated in many animal experiments. The harmful effects found in animals have not been demonstrated in humans. Some studies have reported low birth weight in infants of mothers who consume large amounts of caffeine (more than 4 large cups per day). Non-excessive caffeine consumption has been shown to pose no risk to the baby. Excessive caffeine consumption may be associated with spontaneous abortions. The risk of low birth weight infants as a result of excessive caffeine intake is higher than smoking alone.
: Is It Safe To Have A Filling In The Pregnancy?
Assoc. Dr. Rahime Tuncer: During pregnancy, decayed teeth should be treated and infection foci should be eliminated.
: Is it safe to dye hair?
Assoc. Dr. Rahime Tuncer: Although there is no definite data on the harmful effects of hair dyes during pregnancy, it should be avoided if it is not absolutely necessary in the first trimester of pregnancy.
: What are the hazards that await women who do not use folic acid before pregnancy?
Assoc. Dr. Rahime Tuncer: Folic acid has been shown to effectively reduce the risk of neural tube defects (NTD) in infants. If there is a history of NTD in the previous pregnancy, patients are advised to use folic acid 4 mg daily. This reduces the risk of recurrence by 70%. All other women are advised to start with 0.4mg of folic acid daily before the pregnancy and continue until the first 6 weeks of pregnancy.
: Why is it recommended for pregnant women to drink too much water?
Assoc. Dr. Rahime Tuncer: It is recommended to drink a lot of water during pregnancy. Pregnant women may have asymptomatic bacteriuria and enlargement of urinary tract. Since it will be a suitable environment for urinary tract infection, it is tried to prevent this by drinking too much water.
: Are Artificial Sweeteners Harmful?
Assoc. Dr. Rahime Tuncer: Artificial sweeteners in foods and beverages are referred to as aspartame. The use of artificial sweeteners during pregnancy has not been found to be a risk for the baby. However, women with phenylketonuria may use these substances.
: Why is iron intake necessary during pregnancy?
Assoc. Dr. Rahime Tuncer: Iron intake during pregnancy is necessary. 30-60 mg daily iron supplements are recommended to pregnant and lactating women. This is because 300-500 mg of iron is passed from mother to fetus during pregnancy. Since there is not much increase in iron requirement in the first half of pregnancy, it will be enough to take iron from foods. However, in the second half of pregnancy, both the increase in maternal red blood cells and the rapid growth of the fetus will increase the need for iron. Since this cannot be provided only through nutrients, it is necessary to take iron from outside. If iron deficiency anemia is not very serious, it does not jeopardize pregnancy, but when serious, it can lead to intrauterine growth retardation and preterm delivery in the baby.
: Do you need to buy calcium from outside?
Assoc. Dr. Rahime Tuncer: It is necessary to increase the calcium intake up to 1.5 grams during pregnancy and during breastfeeding. In case of insufficient calcium intake, the needs of the fetus will be met by demineralization of the bones forming the maternal skeleton. During lactation, calcium stores will also decrease.