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Your child's coughing spells do not put you to sleep, nor do you sneeze at him as parents. What you do not give the drug remains, or boiling herbal tea you do not drink. Cough in children is one of the most common complaints in winter. So what do you need to do to cough?
Memorial Atasehir Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics Uz. Dr. Özlen Kaya Gazebo, gave information about children cough.
Cough is one of the most common complaints in winter. Cough can be as short as 3-4 days, or can last for more than 1 month. Coughs lasting more than 3-4 weeks are considered “chronic cough ve and further examination is essential.
Do not give your child antitussive
Cough is in fact a defense mechanism of the body and may originate from any point from the top of the airways (from an intranasal problem) to the bottom. The person tries to remove foreign bodies such as the causative agent of infection and allergic substances from the upper or lower respiratory tract by coughing. As suppression of this reflex mechanism can have dangerous consequences in children, antitussives should not be used in children.
When applying treatment in children, the aim should not be to cough, but to remove the coughing problem.
- Runny nose
- Throat ache
- Wheezing, wheezing
- Frequent breathing
- Difficult breathing can accompany.
Caution if cough progresses with high fever
If you have high fever (39 and above) difficult and frequent breathing and bruising among the symptoms accompanying cough, you should consult an emergency doctor. Especially when a sudden onset of cough during meals is accompanied by difficult and frequent breathing, foreign body ingestion is considered, and a very urgent diagnosis and treatment is vital. Cough with very high fever (39 and above) is associated with an increased risk of lower respiratory tract infection (pneumonia), which requires immediate diagnosis and treatment.
Among the causes of acute cough lasting less than 3 weeks, mainly upper respiratory tract infections in winter (Pharyngitis, tonsilitis, otitis, sinusitis, croup-laryngitis, etc.).
In chronic coughs lasting more than 3 weeks, allergic diseases (allergic bronchitis, asthma) along with infections are considered. Considering the prevalence in our country, tuberculosis-tuberculosis disease should not be forgotten in chronic coughs.
Most of you may also be coughing from smoking
Exposure to passive cigarette smoke, especially when both parents smoke, can cause coughing in children without any other problems. Even not drinking with children is not enough to protect children from these harmful effects.
Even smoke in the household items (curtains, carpet, upholstery ...) causes passive smoking.
Ideally, in a home where children live, there should be no smoking in a closed room (even if children are not in the room at the time).
Medical studies have shown that children exposed to passive cigarette smoke have more frequent upper and lower respiratory tract infections in winter. In addition, allergic diseases such as asthma in these children are more common than others.
Increase body resistance
Mild upper respiratory infections can be experienced every month during the winter months, especially in children who go to kindergarten or daycare. If the cough is short-term and there is no fever and respiratory distress, it is not necessary to use cough medication in children in this age group.
It is possible to improve short-term cough with measures such as increasing body resistance and maintaining a balanced diet.
Persons with short-term and fever-free cough need not be examined. Coughs accompanied by high fever and chronic coughs lasting more than 3 weeks are performed further examination.
- Lung film, sinus film
- Blood tests (whole blood count, CRP, sedation)
It is necessary to perform the examinations in the first plan.
- The “sweat test tet should be performed for the diagnosis of istik cystic fibrosis özellikle especially in areas of intimate marriage.
Kronik Allergic skin tests dır should be performed for chronic coughs that are thought to be allergic.
- For the diagnosis of tuberculosis, a common cause of chronic cough in our country, a test called “PPD test testi is performed.
Which vaccines are protective to prevent coughing?
- Whooping cough vaccine
- Meningitis vaccine These 3 vaccines should be routinely administered to each newborn.
- Pneumonia vaccine
Whooping cough and meningitis vaccines are administered to every infant aged 2 to 4, 6 and 18 months under the name of “mixed vaccine”.
Since pneumonia vaccine (pneumococcal vaccine) has been routinely administered in our country for the last 2 years, it is important not to forget this vaccine in older children.
The protective effect of pneumococcal (pneumonia) vaccine administered as a single dose in children older than 2 years continues for 10 years.
Every child under the age of 10 should be carefully examined for vaccination if the pneumonia vaccine is missing.